Focused attention and later snack intake in men.

Whitelock, Victoria and Robinson, Eric (2018) Focused attention and later snack intake in men. [Data Collection]

External DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/P725E

Collection description

Attending to food during a meal (‘attentive eating’) may reduce later overeating. However, evidence in support of this comes primarily from studies of female participants. The aims of the current study were to investigate the effect that attentive eating has on later food intake in men and examine potential underlying mechanisms. Using a within-subjects design, 34 men (BMI M = 23.73 kg/m2, SD = 2.93; age M = 29.15, SD = 11.99) consumed a fixed lunchtime meal on two study days. On one study day participants were instructed to pay attention to the sensory properties of the meal as they ate (focused attention condition), and on the other study day participants ate lunch normally. Three hours after each lunchtime session, ad libitum consumption of snack food was measured, and measures of memory for the earlier lunchtime meal were completed; memory for the amount of food consumed and memory of the satiating effects of the earlier meal. Participants remembered the lunch to be significantly more satiating in the focused attention condition compared to the control condition. However, focused attention did not affect later ad libitum snack intake. Focused attention enhanced memory for satiety of the earlier meal, but did not reduce later snack intake in men. Further research is needed to understand when focused attention influences subsequent food intake before this approach can be used effectively to reduce food intake.

Keywords: focused attention, attentive eating, mindfulness, episodic memory, food intake
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Pscychology, Health and Society
Depositing User: Victoria Whitelock
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 11:12
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2018 11:12

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